Pain management in elderly persons case studies

The patient progresses well during her hospital stay, and an interdisciplinary care program is used with discharge planning, rehabilitation, and posthospital services. Given his age, a different analgesic should be used now that his pain is controlled. Current Understanding of Assessment, Management, and Treatments.

Safety of the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors. When the science and art of palliative care are put into action, a person who faces death from a terminal illness need not suffer agony.

However, some of the side effects of pain medications can be so debilitating that some patients would rather have higher levels of pain than have side effects such as nausea and vomiting. He is not able to tolerate intravenous patient-controlled analgesia due to side effects of itching, nausea, and mild agitation.

Experts combine scientific evidence with their expertise in the field to develop treatment guidelines. Natural history of peripheral neuropathy in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.

A few days later, Gypsy began to have hematuria and a week later her red blood cell count was very low. Emphasis on adopting a scientific approach to clinical practice has come about because of the desirability to reduce variations in medical practice and optimize the quality of health care. The art of medicine is not the antithesis of the scientific approach.

Comparison of the effects of serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors versus selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors on cerebrovascular events. Additional anxiolytics were not needed until the last hours of her life, in part, because of care provided by a cancer pain clinical nurse specialist CNS.

She describes it as a sharp, pulling type of pain that persists for hours after the dressing change.

Treating Chronic Pain

It had been seven and one-half months since Gypsy, a year-old Caucasian woman, had hemoptysis as she sat at the bedside of her dying husband. Specifically, patients suffering from chronic pain need to take an active role in their own pain management plan, including the management of possible risks for aberrant behavior.

It is widely reported that older patients are more prone to side-effects and have greater difficulty tolerating doses of antidepressants that are likely to be of therapeutic value Parikh ; ANZCA Other Drugs Long-term systemic corticosteroids should be reserved for patients with pain-associated inflammatory disorders or metastatic bone pain.

Tolerability of tapentadol immediate release in patients with lower back pain or osteoarthritis of the hip or knee over 90 days: A randomized trial in postherpetic neuralgia. The circumstances and priorities of the individual patient form an important part in this process.

Central Nervous System Many elderly patients may present with neurologic disease and dysfunction, including transient ischemic attacks, strokes, dementia, or movement disorders.

Pharmacological treatment of neuropathic pain in older persons

Bettinger, PharmDErica L. Dressings were applied to the rash. A more appropriate option is to aim to achieve a tolerable balance of pain control and medication side effects. The placement of a perineural catheter often allows the patient to have significant relief of pain in the acute postoperative period by using the infusion of a local anesthetic agent.

Every weeks, David comes into the Day Surgery unit at Mt. Strong evidence supports the use of an interdisciplinary care program in patients with mild to moderate dementia to improve functional outcomes. A Medline search identified nearlyarticles on pain in humans of which Fish makes a diagnosis of chronic neuropathic deafferentation pain secondary to nerve trauma related to the surgery.

J Orthop Traumatol ;14 3: What is the equianalgesic dose of Talwin he would prescribe. Her 24 hour IM morphine dose required to control her pain has been 64 mg. Gregory is increasingly in more pain.

Unfortunately, the patient continued to suffer from moderately severe central lumbar region pain 7 to 8 out of 10 with right-sided radicular symptoms.

Treating Acute Pain

Hardiman discusses the nature of this cancer with David and his parents, and recommends an above the knee amputation. Fried and colleagues developed an operational definition of frailty being the presence of three or more of the following criteria: She requires QID dry-to-dry dressing changes that are very painful.

Management of Hip Fractures in the Elderly Case Study

He speaks very little English, but is able to express he is having severe lower abdominal pain. Based on these data, her physician prescribes Morphine mg IV q hours. What would be the equianalgesic dose to be given to her per day. She is started on Voltarin 50 mg bid.

She always knew she would get lung cancer. Laboratory and imaging studies may be ordered to help pinpoint a diagnosis if a detailed history and physical examination is not enough.

Pain Management in the Elderly Population: A Review

Treatment of neuropathic pain in the elderly. The treatment of neuropathic pain in the older person can be challenging and complex. The old are more vulnerable than younger persons since they often suffer from multiple medical and nutritional problems.

This case study highlights many important issues surrounding the management of pain in older adults. The treatment was in keeping with standard treatment guidelines for postherpetic neuralgia, adapted to take into consideration her age, frailty, and complex comorbid medical conditions.

List the multiple systemic effects associated with pain; Discuss appropriate management strategies for patients in pain Author(s) Timothy J Brennan, MD, PhD Pain Management Case Studies Pathological Pain Presented by Nagy Mekhail MD, PhD is preferred in elderly age group or patients with COPD or opioid side effects.

Therefore, clinicians must base their recommendations on several reviews outlining the evidence, or lack thereof, about safe and effective pain management in the elderly. 6, This review discusses the pharmacokinetic and safety profiles of the most commonly used pain management therapies.

Pain in Persons With Dementia: Complex, Common, and Challenging Joseph Shega, Linda Emanuel, Lisa Vargish, Stacie K. Levine, Heide Bursch, Keela Herr, pain management in a cognitively impaired older adult. Case Study A n year-old woman with moderate Alzhei. In this case, the patient is having thoracic procedures, so the incision is going to be mainly in the thorax/thoracic region, and therefore the pain management needs to cover that area.

And the transmissions then go up the spinal cord to the brain.

Pain management in elderly persons case studies
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Pain Management in the Elderly: Focus on Safe Prescribing (Page 2)